When caring for pediatric patients, you do not just assess and treat the patient but rather the entire family unit. This often poses challenges for advanced practice nurses because of the dynamics of the various types of family units (i.e., two traditional parents, a single parent, same-sex parents, divorced parents, stepparents, adoptive families, foster families, military families, grandparents as the primary caregiver, etc.). Care strategies that might work for a two-parent family, for instance, might not work for a single-parent family or a foster family. Additionally, family units also present with differences in backgrounds, cultures, and religions. All of these factors have the potential to impact the care of patients and their families, making it essential for you to tailor your assessments and care plans to meet the individual needs of families.
Note:Throughout this course, the term parent will be used to represent a pediatric patient’s caregiver, which may include a parent, stepparent, foster parent, guardian, and so on.
Post an explanation of how a provider’s personal definition of family and family roles might impact the assessment of a child and his or her family. Then, explain how culture (both the culture of the provider and that of the child and his or her family) may further influence the assessment. Finally, explain at least three strategies that the provider can use to assist families with making health-related decisions for children at different stages of growth and development. Also, explain how these strategies might change when assessing patients at different stages of growth and development and with different family backgrounds.