Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by bacteria—most often, Escherichia coli. However, certain viruses, fungi, and parasites can also lead to infection. The infection can affect the lower and upper urinary tract including the urethra, prostate (in males), bladder, ureter, and kidney. Due to the progression of the disease and human anatomy, symptoms present differently among the sexes, as well as among different age groups. It is important to understand how these factors and others impact the pathophysiology of UTIs. Advanced practice nurses must have this foundation in order to properly diagnose patients.
Post a description of the pathophysiology of lower urinary tract and upper urinary tract infections, including their similarities and differences. Then, describe one type of drug that would be prescribed to treat symptoms associated with urinary tract infections. Finally, explain how gender and another patient factor might impact the pathophysiology of the urinary tract infections and the effects of prescribed drugs. Explain measures you might take to help reduce any negative side effects.