Penn Foster 250295RR From The Cold War To The Edge Of History

Penn Foster 250295RR    From the Cold War to the Edge of History

1.   The Truman Doctrine was characterized by the concept of

A. détente.
B. self-determination.
C. universal sovereignty.
D. containment.
2.   Following the death of Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping initiated a campaign for “Four Modernizations.” These included all the following,except

A. industry.
B. universal health care.
C. agriculture.
D. science and technology.
3.   In the 1980s, as colonies gained independence, instances of terrorism

A. increased dramatically.
B. increased slightly.
C. remained about the same.
D. decreased.
4.   Analysis reveals that _______ is among those countries with the lowest per capita GDP.

A. Argentina
B. Mexico
C. Romania
D. India
5.   In Japan, under the sweeping authority of General Douglas MacArthur, all of the following reforms were enacted, except

A. land reform assured MacArthur’s support from Japan’s peasants.
B. the emperor was to remain a symbolic head of state.
C. antitrust laws were abolished.
D. women were granted equality before the law.
6.   In 1964, a loose union of Palestine refugees led to the formation of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) under Yasir Arafat. What was the aim of the PLO?

A. Driving Israel from East Jerusalem
B. Evicting Israel from Palestine
C. Establishing a Pan-Arab League
D. Establishing Palestinian self-rule in their original homeland

7.   In 1963, the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union signed an agreement

A. banning nuclear tests in the atmosphere.
B. to ban nuclear testing.
C. to reduce nuclear weapons stockpiles.
D. banning nuclear proliferation.

8.   When the Big Three met at _______, Harry Truman demanded free elections in Eastern Europe. Stalin’s refusal was a factor in the emergent Cold War.

A. Berlin
B. Yalta
C. Potsdam
D. Tehran
9.   In Latin America, economic nationalism has been most successful in

A. Brazil.
B. Nicaragua.
C. Argentina.
D. Chile.
10.   Among the many Eastern European revolutions of 1989, the only violent, bloody revolution took place in

A. Hungary.
B. Poland.
C. Romania.
D. Czechoslovakia.
11.   In deliberations leading up to the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, which member of the UN Security Council promised to veto any resolution that authorized an invasion of Iraq?

A. France
B. Russia Federation
C. Great Britain
D. China
12.   The main factor behind recent civil wars has been

A. ethnic rivalries.
B. famine.
C. neocolonialism.
D. economic nationalism.
13.   As Western European recovery accelerated into the 1960s, guest workers were typically recruited from all of the following, except

A. Yugoslavia.
B. India.
C. North Africa.
D. southern Italy.
14.   Racial tensions between Black Africans and White Colonists resulted in exploitation, resentment and protests in which African country?

A. Senegal
B. Nigeria
C. Mali
D. South Africa
15.   Since the stunning 2002 electoral victory of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), the people of Turkey have been concerned that the AKP will

A. restore Ottoman-style authoritarianism.
B. attempt to spread Turkish culture across the Middle East.
C. embrace radical socialism.
D. challenge Turkey’s strict separation of church and state.
16.   According to your textbook, which of the following has had the greatest impact on human communication?

A. Cell phones
B. Television
C. Radio
D. The Internet
17.   Regarding multinational corporations in the era of globalization, which of the following statements is false?

A. They could invest large sums of money in research and development.
B. They used sophisticated promotion and advertising to sell their products around the world.
C. Their activities were sharply restrained by national governments.
D. They could sustain monopolies on their products and services.
18.   With respect to social problems faced by women and children around the world, which of the following statements is false?

A. During the last few decades, instances of child sex-trafficking have declined.
B. Rape has long been used as a weapon of war.
C. In spite of access to birth control, birth rates remain high among poor women.
D. Worldwide women and girls have increasing access to education.
19.   In French-speaking Africa, which state adopted radical Marxism?

A. Ghana
B. Senegal
C. Mali
D. Ivory Coast
20.   Demographic factors that contributed to the rise of the counterculture included all of the following, except

A. mass communications and youth travel spread the counterculture over North America and Europe.
B. the postwar baby boom meant that young people made up a large portion of the population.
C. the use of LSD and other psychedelics led to widespread impulsive behavior.
D. postwar prosperity meant that young people had significant purchasing power.

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